Dvořák's quintessentially Bohemian take on Hans Christian Andersen's The Little Mermaid is not only his finest and most enduringly popular opera but arguably one of the most deeply moving operas of all.
A water nymph's desperate longing to experience true love plunges her into the emotional maelstrom of life at a handsome Prince's court. Emerging with a profounder understanding of the unspeakable pain, as well as the fleeting joys, of human existence, she nevertheless finds it within herself to forgive her betrayer, even at the cost of her own immortal soul.
Acclaimed at its Festival debut in 2009, Melly Still's staging magically captures both the work's romantic and comic aspects, while also relishing the raw grotesquery and even savagery of its folk-tale world. To conduct its first revival, we welcome back Sir Andrew Davis, Glyndebourne's Music Director from 1989 to 2000.
Also making welcome returns as Rusalka and the Prince are the young Russian-American soprano Dina Kuznetsova (who made her Festival debut in 2009 as Alice in Falstaff) and the Czech tenor Pavel Černoch (who made his Tour debut in 2009 as Števa in Jenůfa). The distinguished Russian mezzo Larissa Diadkova and bass Mischa Schelomianski reprise the roles of Ježibaba and Vodnik.
A revival of the 2009 Festival production.
Sung in Czech with English supertitles.
Listen to the Rusalka podcast (15 mins)
Conductor Sir Andrew Davis and Director Melly Still talk to James Whitbourn about Dvořák's Rusalka.
This revival is generously supported by:
The Donald Albert Anderson Charitable Trust
Paul Cartledge and Judith Portrait
André and Rosalie Hoffmann
In loving memory of Maria and Marina
And 3 anonymous supporters
Performed by arrangement with Dilia, Prague and Boosey & Hawkes Music Publishers Ltd
Note: The characters are referred to by generic terms from Slavic mythology: ‘Rusalka’ means water nymph and ‘Vodnik’ water sprite, while ‘Ježibaba’ is a standard name for a witch.
Setting: A lake in a forest; a castle
As wood nymphs dance by the lake, the moonlight wakens the water sprite, who tries to lure one of them into the depths. They mock him and run away.
His daughter Rusalka, sick at heart, tells him of her yearning to become human. He is shocked to learn that she loves a human being – a prince who comes to bathe in the lake. Her father tells her she must consult the witch, Ježibaba warning her that she will be doomed if claimed by a man.
Rusalka appeals to the moon to tell her lover she is waiting for him. She wakes Ježibaba and asks her to give her a human soul.
Ježibaba informs her that the ability to speak to humans will be denied her. If she fails to win love, she will be forever accursed; if he rejects her, her lover, too, will be eternally damned. Confident of her love, Rusalka agrees.
Hunters approach, among them the Prince, seeking Rusalka. He sends the others away, and sees Rusalka standing silently before him. Unable to answer him, she throws herself into his arms. He leads her away as the other water nymphs lament her leaving.
Short interval of 20 minutes
At the Prince’s castle, the Gamekeeper and Kitchen Girl discuss events. The Prince has brought a silent female back with him from the woods, and seems likely to marry her; the Gamekeeper hopes that they will be delivered from such sinister magic. Yet there is hope: the Prince is increasingly attracted to the Foreign Princess.
The servants disappear as the Prince enters with Rusalka. Though he is still drawn to her, he complains that she is devoid of passion. Watching them as she enters, the Foreign Princess vows to separate them. She asks why the Prince’s bride-to-be is so silent. As the Prince recalls his duties as a host and leaves with the Princess, he tells Rusalka to dress as befits the wedding ball.
As the ball begins, Rusalka looks on broken-hearted while the Prince dances with the Princess. Her father arrives to warn her that death awaits her back at the lake; she will return eternally damned. As the Prince embraces the Princess, Rusalka acknowledges that he has betrayed her. Rusalka suddenly throws herself into the Prince’s arms, but he rejects her. As Rusalka’s father drags her away, the Prince falls stupefied. The Foreign Princess laughs.
Dinner interval of approximately 85 minutes
A moonlit night at the lake, where Rusalka sits sadly. Deserted by the Prince and banished by her companions, she longs for death. Ježibaba mocks her, relenting only so far as to tell her that if she kills the Prince herself, she can return to her former state. She gives Rusalka a knife, which the latter throws into the lake.
The Gamekeeper and Kitchen Girl arrive at the witch’s cottage, seeking a cure for the Prince’s illness, caused by the sorceress Rusalka. The witch sends them packing and Rusalka’s father angrily chases them away.
The dryads return to dance until Rusalka’s father’s tale of his daughter’s undoing causes them to flee.
The Prince enters, once more seeking Rusalka. She appears, warning him that now she can mean only death to him. The Prince asks her to kiss him, to bring him peace. Rusalka finally agrees. He dies. She asks for God’s mercy on his soul and sinks back into the lake.
Words: George Hall
Conductor Andrew Davis
Director Melly Still
Designer Rae Smith
Lighting designer Paule Constable
Movement director Rick Nodine
Rusalka Dina Kuznetsova
Prince Pavel Cernoch
Foreign Princess Tatiana Pavlovskaya
Vodnik Mischa Schelomianski
Ježibaba Larissa Diadkova
1st nymph Anja-Nina Bahrmann
2nd nymph Victoria Yarovaya
3rd nymph Alisa Kolosova
Kitchen Girl Elizabeth Deshong
Gamekeeper Alasdair Elliott